From learning what SCORM is to explaining why it’s important and how to use it for your courses, this is the complete guide to SCORM for eLearning.
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SCORM 101: Expert’s Guide to Choose a SCORM Compliant LMS
What is SCORM?
SCORM, which stands for Shareable Content Object Reference Model, is an eLearning standard for educational content. As a set of technical specifications, SCORM describes the international industry standard for eLearning interoperability, which is the ability of systems to exchange information.
It works as a protocol that defines how online learning content is created, developed, and used to be compatible with the various eLearning software products.
Breaking down the term SCORM – ‘Shareable Content Object’ and ‘Reference Model’ makes it easy to understand:
Sharable Content Object (or SCO):
SCOs are the elements of a SCORM package – small pieces of content that are reused across multiple platforms and are understood by a SCORM compliant system. These may be a piece of training, e.g., a module, lesson, a chapter.
The reference model indicates that SCORM is a standard or a set of ‘rules’ that everyone working in the eLearning industry needs to understand and apply.
What is the Purpose of SCORM?
SCORM was first developed by the Advanced Distributed Learning Initiative – ADL, a research group sponsored by the US Department of Defense.
The aim behind the induction of the SCORM standard in the 2000s was to regulate the industry and allow functionality between different course authoring software, learning management systems, and elearning platforms.
SCORM compliance was introduced as a way of making online courses more accessible. Instead of being restricted to working only on one LMS, L&D professionals and content developers are now able to use a range of systems that can communicate effectively by migrating course content from one another.
Different Versions of SCORM
There are five different versions of SCORM:
While SCORM is considered one of the oldest elearning standards, it is still used throughout the industry. The most common versions you will come across are the SCORM 1.2 and SCORM 2004 3rd Edition.
xAPI (also known as Tin Can API or Experience API), the next generation of SCORM, has already made its appearance as one of the newest elearning standards and its companion cmi5.
For more information on the evolution of elearning standards, visit SCORM.com.
Alternatively, SCORM authoring tools can export a course as an HTML5 folder to upload into your LMS.
Why is SCORM Important?
SCORM isn’t legally required, but it helps to build high-quality learning experiences.
In order to offer real-time value through your courses, you need:
A. high-quality content, and
B. a reliable LMS or learning platform that can read, run and report on that content. And SCORM makes this possible.
SCORM ensures that the elearning content is compatible with your chosen LMS and can integrate well with each other. This is done through a zip file that contains a single course activity or a whole course packaged in a standardized format.
Pros and Cons of SCORM
SCORM comes with both pros and cons.
Despite the cons, SCORM is packed with many benefits that most elearning professionals recognize:
SCORM provides content that can play anywhere. LMSs that support SCORM are more valuable and attractive to elearning professionals. If you want to sell online courses, you need to choose an LMS that is SCORM-compliant as it gives you more market options and greater flexibility to switch between platforms if necessary.
What Does It Mean to Be SCORM Compliant?
A SCORM compliant LMS is a learning management system that accepts any SCORM compliant content and makes it available to users. A SCORM compliant course is a course that contains online learning material that can be shared across systems.
Achieving SCORM compliance for your course means that you can upload it on your system and will be able to work properly, as they will be compatible.
This is possible through content packaging and data exchange – the two aspects SCORM is responsible for.
Content packaging manages the order in which documents within an online course are launched and determines the names of courses, chapters, and sections.
The SCORM packaging includes the file with the name ‘manifest.’ This file contains the XML information required to import and launch the course content. This manifest file controls the structure of a course both from a learner’s perspective (front-end user) and from a physical file system perspective (back-end user) and manages to deliver the content effectively.
Data exchange or ‘run-time’ communication is the process that describes how the course content ‘talks’ with the LMS as the program is running.
The LMS can track and monitor essential information through data exchange, like a learner’s score in a test, by associating the number of the correct answers given and comparing it to the total number of questions delivered.
Apart from learner’s exam scores, the run-time can also produce other information relating to the learner’s performance, such as:
The ability to track the learner’s progress is one of the most important reasons to become SCORM conformant. Other reasons include creating content that can be potentially used in different contexts, delivering and managing learning content using an LMS, integrating with other vendors, or creating a rich library of learning resources.
Are any of these in your list of objectives? Then we recommend that you create elearning courses that are SCORM-compliant.
What Does It Mean to Create a SCORM Course?
A SCORM course is like a Powerpoint presentation that has additional elements of interactivity. Creating one may be accomplished by a talented software developer in a reasonable time frame. If you have one, your programmer can write or adjust the code to enable your course to communicate with an elearning software.
A more reliable option for creating SCORM files/packages is using an authoring tool like:
Many authoring tools can deliver SCORM compatible files. However, they vary in price. Some are also free, freemium, or open-source, and you need to choose the one that best suits your needs. SCORM files require a significant investment in time to be created but are robust and provide high-quality learning experiences.
Check out our list of authoring tools that come with pros and cons for each to help you compare.
What are HTML5 Multimedia Packages?
With Adobe Flash losing its popularity and HTML5 as the new web standard for interactivity in the web, Adobe Captivate, Articulate Storyline, and other authoring tools shifted to the new prototype for e-learning.
HTML5 packages are essentially interactive websites loading inside a cloud LMS like LearnWorlds. The difference with previous iterations is the native support of interactive elements and video playback, making it suitable for e-learning.
When designing a learning unit or a whole course using an authoring system, you will have the option to choose between a SCORM compliant export or an HTML5 package.
HTML5 produces dynamic content and customized interactivities similarly to a SCORM file and can also be SCORM compliant.
What is the difference between SCORM and HTML5?
HTML5 is a web standard that describes a set of rules on how the content is created, organized, and appeared on browsers. Whereas SCORM defines a standard interface between an LMS and content.
HTML5 content can be created and exported as a SCORM or non-SCORM file. You can tell if it is SCORM content if the .zip file contains the IMSManifest.xml file.
Choosing a SCORM Compliant Learning Management System (LMS)
Once you create your SCORM compliant course using an authoring tool, you will need an LMS to host and deliver it to your learners.
As you go out on your LMS hunt, you need to be aware that not all learning management systems and online learning platforms support SCORM content. By default, the majority would choose to adhere to the SCORM standard, but you have to be extra careful when browsing or reviewing LMS products.
Unlike many popular course platforms, LearnWorlds is SCORM compliant and allows you to upload your SCORM files and HTML5 packages directly into your online course.
Adding SCORM Content on LearnWorlds
To add SCORM content on LearnWorlds, follow this straightforward process:
STEP 1: Create a course.
STEP 2: In the Courses menu, visit the course’s Contents tab.
STEP 3: Click on Add an activity under a course section.
STEP 4: Choose the SCORM/HTML5 Package activity unit at the Multimedia menu.
STEP 5: Give a title to your SCORM file and click Save (twice).
Uploading Graded SCORM Activities
With LearnWorlds, you can now upload and manage Graded SCORMs inside your LearnWorlds school. You can find out more about them and the benefits they offer in our latest feature release here.
This enhances our existing SCORM learning activity option that allows you to integrate Score and Pass/Fail results from SCORM into your Gradebook.
To upload your Graded SCORM package go through the following steps:
STEP 1: Go to your desired course’s Contents tab under the section where you want to add the Graded SCORM package and click on Add an activity.
STEP 2: Click on the Graded SCORM package under the Questionnaires tab.
STEP 3: Give a title and click Save to create your Graded SCORM package.
STEP 4: Click on Settings to edit the package.
STEP 5: Click on Settings to modify your Graded SCORM package’s settings.
For more information on creating a graded SCORM learning activity and going through the settings, visit our relevant support article.
Managing Graded SCORM Results
With Graded SCORMs, you can also edit pass marks any time without affecting past results, update individual students’ grades and grant one more trial to students.
Once your students go through the test, you get to see how the test goes and retrieve those Graded SCORM scores across all the platform relevant sections:
This will allow you to create all the reports you need and all the monitoring you want.
Go through the following steps to access the Gradebook of a specific Graded SCORM package:
STEP 1: Go to the course and Graded SCORM package learning activity.
STEP 2: Click on Gradebook.
A new tab will open with the specific Graded SCORM package’s Gradebook, where you can view and edit your users’ results.
For more detailed instructions on how to manage your Graded SCORMs, check our relevant support article.
Looking for a SCORM-Compliant Learning Management System?
If you are looking for a SCORM compliant learning management system, there are plenty of choices out there. As a beginner course creator, we recommend that you choose an LMS or course platform that is easy and intuitive in its use and comes with an affordable pricing plan.
At LearnWorlds, we have put in a lot of work into creating a powerful and flexible platform that caters to your unique needs helping you create, market, and sell online courses.
Give LearnWorlds a try claiming your free 30-day trial today!
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q1. What is the purpose of SCORM?
Today, SCORM’s primary purpose is to offer a way to approach all the decisions that take place in delivering eLearning. This includes reading, running, and reporting on course content.
Q2. Is SCORM dead?
SCORM is not dead. While cmi5 is the newest set of standards in the elearning world, SCORM is still widely used by elearning professionals. ADL recommends using SCORM 2004 3rd edition because it is more widespread compared to other SCORM versions.
Q3. Does SCORM require Flash?
No, SCORM doesn’t require Flash. You can export a SCORM package to Flash, but HTML is a better alternative for the output delivery of content since it can work on all devices.
Q4. How do I run a SCORM package?
To run a SCORM file, you need a SCORM player included in many LMSs like LearnWorlds.
Q5. How do I view SCORM content?
To view the content of a SCORM file, you need to uncompress the ‘zip’ file using the Winzip tool on Windows and Unzip on Mac.
Q6. What are LTI and SCORM?
LTI and SCORM are both elearning standards. LTI is about connecting learning systems, while SCORM is about launching training content with learning systems and tracking learner interactions. LTI is mainly used in academia and SCORM by organizations.
Q7. How do I convert HTML to SCORM?
There are two ways to convert HTML to SCORM. You can hire a program developer to do it manually by changing the code within the imsmanifest.xml, or use an authoring tool.
Q8. What are SCORM files?
SCORM files are XML files that have all the necessary information to transfer elearning content to a SCORM compliant LMS.
Q9. What is the difference between SCORM and AICC?
Q10. What is the difference between SCORM and Tin Can (xAPI)?
Tin Can (xAPI) – released in 2013, is a much newer elearning standard than SCORM – the most recent version released in 2009. Tin Can has better tracking abilities than SCORM, allowing you to track learning outside of an LMS.
Nick Malekos is a Senior Digital Marketer in LearnWorlds. He is a results based and well-rounded Digital Marketer with years of experience in the education industry, writer and digital literacy trainer.